"[The collaboratory] is a center without walls in which the nation's researchers can perform their research without regard to physical location - interacting with colleagues, accessing instrumentation, sharing data and computational resources [and] access ing information in digital libraries."
William Wulff, University of Virginia. Quoted from "National Collaboratories: Applying Information Technology for Scientific Research." National Academy Press, 1993.
Both the scope and pace of scientific research have grown enormously in the past decade. Advances in instrumentation and computing and communications technologies are enabling researchers to ask much more complex and demanding questions in the pursuit of knowledge, such as:
By building on and extending present information technologies, the goal is to forge " virtual institutes, " global research laboratories enabling scientists to interact closely with their machines, instruments, data and, most importantly, with each other, regardless of location.
Realizing this goal will itself demand strengthening and extending collaborations in five key areas of research and development.
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