Laying the Groundwork, Page 2
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(Laying the Groundwork)

First What’s and Why’s

What is editing?

When editing a video program, you organize all the visual and sound elements you’ve recorded or gathered into a coherent narrative that unfolds in time. Whether you’re creating a 30 second clip for the web or a full-blown documentary for your local cable access channel, the objective is basically the same: to forge a video program that communicates your message to the intended audience: your story, or your students’s stories about what was experienced, discovered or learned; stories to share with fellow-professionals, fellow-students and the community.

 Why editing?

Say you’re videotaping a baseball game for use in a 8th grade class in physical science. You might shoot the entire game, start to finish, but chances are that unless the action is compelling throughout, you’ll end up with a rather boring video.

 What if you choose to shoot just the high points from different viewpoints? A wide-shot to establish the scene; a close up on the pitcher; a long shot of the ball arching over the field; a medium-shot of the catcher; a close-up of the scoreboard changing, and then the crowd cheering. After which you move to the lockers and tape a short interview with one player from each team, then the coaches for their reactions to the game.

Or say you’re videotaping a demonstration in the laboratory or field. You want to capture a procedure that take a few minutes to unfold in "realtime," then condense the footage into a short movie lasting 30 seconds showing only the key steps.

 Insert movie balloon inflation & launching sequence from Microburst – we just need the compiled movie, suitably embedded on the page. Suggest all movies are 160x120, optimized for minimum filesize, but w/ acceptable audio and video (e.g. 22Khz, 8bit; medium compression). All movies should be streamed for use w/ the streamed QT plug in for Net 3.0, but there should be a manual download and store local option too (i.e. "save as").

Make sure ambience is digitized too, per clip.

 Tape no.

4

4

4

4

In

04:20:35

04:21:37

04:23:08

04:21-54

Out

 04:20:41

04:21:41

04:23:10

04:22:08

Notes

Tilt down from sky to van

Med. Shot, scientist pulling balloon from truck, starting to inflate it

Close up- valve being turned (watch out for hissing sound – keep it moderate)

Medium shot, still inflating balloon

 This will typically require videotaping the same action in each step from a different camera positions and/ or image sizes.

 Then, to create a coherent program in the edit, one that engages the audience and flows, you’ll need to…

  • Combine shots taken from different viewpoints or times and exhibiting varying image sizes into a continuous, smooth sequence.
  • Juxtapose shots recorded in one space or time with other shots shot in a separate space or time.
  • Join highlights of the action together so as to omit unwanted footage, such as bad "takes" or parts of shots that detract from the main action.
  • Decide the duration of each shot and audio element – when it begins, when it ends and what comes next

Plus perhaps you also want to incorporate some still images – photographs or graphics created separately. Maybe you’ll want to add some narration to help bring out the storyline. Or it’s possible you’ll want to add further sounds: a crowd cheering or a stream flowing over rocks; music to heighten the dramatic impact of your video.

 All this demands editing!

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